In this map above we see countries where they export victims and import them. Human traffickers find it easier to recruit victims from undeveloped countries such as Cambodia, than it is in very developed countries like America. America is one of the largest customers in human trafficking and China is one of the biggest human traffickers. The map shows other well-known developed countries like America, Japan, Britain, Australia, Spain, France, and Italy which are otherbig costumers. In undeveloped areas of Russia, Asia, and other smaller countries in Europe; they are shown as being the biggest human traffickers in the world. The real and simple reason why this trend is true is because developed
countries have an enforcement that searches for kidnapped and missing people while in other countries they simply don’t care.
“The U.S. Government is strongly committed to combating trafficking in persons at home and abroad. The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000, enhances pre-existing criminal penalties, affords new protections to trafficking victims and makes available certain benefits andservices to victims of severe forms of trafficking” (Humantrafficking.org).
Since the US government and its people care about saving the lives of tens of thousands of victims in their country, they have passed an act to aid the victims in their time of need. It’s very important to have the government notice the severity of human trafficking because the government is law and no one is above it including itself. There have already been laws about forced labor and sex but this particular act shows the commitment to stopping human trafficking. These strict laws that are enforced are the reason why the US is not a country of origin. I’m not saying it doesn’t happen but generally speaking the US is the customer. However in Cambodia, one of the biggest human traffickers shows no effort at stopping human trafficking.
The Cambodian Government was placed in the Tier 2 Watch List in the 2007 U.S. Department of State’s Trafficking in Persons Report for not fully complying with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but making significant efforts to do so. The Government remained in the Watch List because it has not increased its efforts to combat trafficking since 2005.10 Some law enforcement and government officials are believed to have accepted bribes to facilitate the trafficking and sex trade. There are reports of government officials who are complicit in the trafficking by accepting bribes. (humantrafficking.org)
The thought of a government accepting bribes and showing no effort in stopping human trafficking is beyond me. It would be very easy for a human trafficker to bribe an official and get away with their crimes in Cambodia than it would in America. Sometimes Cambodia hastrafficking within its borders where they enslave each other. That’s why Cambodia is a country of origin.
Understanding this trend is the basis of how human trafficking is able to continue in this “free world”. Now you may be asking “If the U.S. cares about stopping human trafficking so much, then why are we supporting it by being the biggest customer?” Well think of it this way, because America is such a powerful country, that means that we are one of the wealthiest in the world. So back when slavery was “legal”, it was normal that the rich had slaves and the poor sold them. In reality, human trafficking today is the revival of Trans-Atlantic slaver trade since Americans and other developed countries are the rich and Cambodia and other undeveloped countries are the poor. It’s just a business deal involving priceless lives for money which America can afford. The trend remains constant throughout the world but obtaining and transporting the people is one thing. With this in mind, even more illegal crimes happens when they reach their destinations of their buyers and are put through living hell which just seems like a cycle of horror and pain, which is the vicious cycle of slavery.